Early absorption and distribution analysis of anti-tumour and anti-AIDS drugs: Lipid membrane and plasma protein interactions

01 January 2005

Cimitan, S., Lindgren, M., Bertucci, C. and Danielson, U.H. (2005) J. Medicinal Chemistry 48(10):3536-46.

The interactions of a set of compounds of potential importance for anticancer and AIDS chemotherapy with lipid membranes and plasma proteins were studied with a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based optical biosensor, giving valuable information on the absorption and distribution of the compounds. The technique allowed both effective screening of compounds and more detailed kinetic and mechanistic analysis of specific interactions. The interaction with two different types of lipid membranes could be reliably measured at a drug concentration as low as 20 íM, allowing analysis of poorly soluble compounds. Distribution was evaluated by investigation of the interactions with two human plasma proteins, human serum albumin (HSA) and R1-acid glycoprotein (AGP). Two apparent binding sites were clearly defined for HSA: one with rapid and one with slow association and dissociation rates. The sites appear to differ in accessibility and recognition characteristics rather than in their capacities to form strong complexes with drugs.

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