Geitmann, M., Unge, T. and Danielson, U.H. (2006) J. Med. Chem. 49(8): 2375 – 2387.
Details of the interaction between HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNRTIs) have been elucidated using a biosensor-based approach. This initial study was performed with HIV-1 reverse transcriptase mutant K103N, the phenethylthioazolylthiourea compound (PETT) MIV-150, and the three NNRTIs licensed for clinical use: nevirapine, delavirdine, and efavirenz. Mathematical evaluation of the experimental data with several interaction models revealed that the four inhibitors interacted with HIV-1 RT with varying degrees of complexity. The simplest adequate model accounted for two different conformations of the free enzyme, of which only one can bind the inhibitor, consistent with a previously hypothesized population-shift model including a preformation of the NNRTI binding site. In addition, a heterogeneous binding was observed for delavirdine, efavirenz, and MIV-150, indicating that two noncompetitive and kinetically distinct enzyme−inhibitor complexes could be formed. Furthermore, for these compounds, there were indications for ligand-induced conformational changes.
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